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Major events in the life and career of Mikhail Gorbachev


A timeline of main occasions within the lifetime of former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, who has died at age 91.

March 2, 1931: Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev born in Privolnoye in southern Russia.

1950: Admitted to Moscow State College, the Soviet Union’s prime college.

1971: Elected to the Communist Celebration’s highly effective Central Committee.

1980: Turns into a full member of the ruling Politburo.

March 11, 1985: Appointed as normal secretary of the Communist Celebration and the nation’s new chief following the demise of Konstantin Chernenko.

October 1985: Launches his marketing campaign to finish the Soviet Union’s financial and political stagnation, utilizing “glasnost,” or openness, to assist obtain the objective of “perestroika,” or restructuring.

November 1985: Meets U.S. President Ronald Reagan in Geneva for the primary of a sequence of summits with world leaders.

April 26, 1986: Reactor explodes on the Chernobyl nuclear energy plant in Ukraine. Soviet authorities acknowledge the blast solely three days later.

October 11-12, 1986: Gorbachev and Reagan meet in Reykjavik, Iceland, in a summit that produces no agreements, however is broadly hailed as a precursor to nuclear arms agreements.

December 1987: Indicators the Intermediate-Vary Nuclear Forces, or INF, Treaty with Reagan. The treaty banned the U.S. and Soviet Union from possessing, producing or test-flying a ground-launched cruise missile with a spread of 300 to three,400 miles.

February 1989: The final Soviet troops depart Afghanistan.

November 1989: The Berlin Wall falls as East Germany’s hard-line management opens its borders, a key second within the collapse of communism in japanese Europe.

October 1990: Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

July 1991: Indicators the Strategic Arms Discount Treaty, or START, with U.S. President George H.W. Bush. The treaty resulted within the largest nuclear reductions in historical past, and included a mechanism permitting the 2 sides to examine and confirm one another’s arsenals.

August 1991: Tried coup by the Communist outdated guard fails, however dramatically erodes Gorbachev’s authority.

Dec. 8, 1991: The leaders of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus declare the Soviet Union useless and announce the creation of the Commonwealth of Unbiased States.

Dec. 25, 1991: Declares his resignation as Soviet chief. The Soviet purple flag over the Kremlin is pulled down and changed with Russia’s tricolor.

June 1996: Runs in Russia’s presidential election, successful lower than 1% of the vote.

September 1999: His spouse, Raisa, dies of leukemia.

Aug. 30, 2022: Dies on the Central Medical Hospital in Moscow.


Extra AP tales on Mikhail Gorbachev right here: https://apnews.com/hub/mikhail-gorbachev

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