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Watering while Black: anatomy of a pastor’s Alabama arrest


CHILDERSBURG, Ala. (AP) — Michael Jennings wasn’t breaking any legal guidelines or doing something that was clearly suspicious; the Black minister was merely watering the flowers of a neighbor who was out of city.

But there was an issue: Across the nook, Amber Roberson, who’s white, thought she was serving to that very same neighbor when she noticed a automobile she didn’t acknowledge on the home and known as police.

Inside minutes, Jennings was in handcuffs, Roberson was apologizing for calling 911 and three officers have been speaking amongst themselves about how all the things may need been completely different.

Harry Daniels, an lawyer representing Jennings, stated he plans to submit a declare to town of Childersburg in search of damages after which file a lawsuit. “This ought to be a realized lesson and a coaching instrument for regulation enforcement about what to not do,” he stated.

A 20-minute video of the episode recorded on one of many officers’ physique cameras exhibits how rapidly an uneventful night on a quiet residential avenue devolved into one more doubtlessly explosive scenario involving a Black man and white regulation enforcement authorities.


“Whatcha doing right here, man?” Officer Chris Smith requested as he walked as much as Jennings, who held a hose with a stream of water falling on crops beside the driveway outdoors a small, white home.

“Watering flowers,” Jennings replied from a couple of toes away. Garden decorations stood round a mailbox; recent mulch coated the beds. It was greater than an hour earlier than sundown on a Sunday in late Might, the sort of spring night when individuals usually are out tending crops.

However moments earlier than, a lady had dialed 911 a couple of “youthful Black male” and gold SUV that she noticed on the home although the house owners have been away, based on a name transcript obtained by The Related Press.

Strolling towards Jennings, Smith advised him {that a} caller stated she noticed an odd automobile and an individual who “wasn’t presupposed to be right here” on the home.

Jennings advised him the SUV he was speaking about belonged to the neighbor who lives there.

“I’m presupposed to be right here,” he added. “I’m Pastor Jennings. I dwell throughout the road.”

“You’re Pastor Jennings?”

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“Sure. I’m searching for his or her home whereas they’re gone, watering their flowers,” stated Jennings, nonetheless spraying water.

“OK, nicely, that’s cool. Do you’ve got, like, ID?” Smith requested.

“Oh, no. Man, I’m not going to present you ID,” Jennings stated, turning away.

“Why not?” Smith requested.

“I ain’t did nothing incorrect,” the pastor replied.


Jennings, 56, was born in rural Alabama simply three years after George C. Wallace pledged “segregation ceaselessly” on the first of his 4 inaugurations as governor. His mother and father grew up throughout a time when racial segregation was the regulation and Black individuals have been anticipated to behave with deference to white individuals within the South.

“I do know the backdrop,” Jennings stated in an interview with AP.

In the meantime, the officers who confronted him on Might 22 work for a majority-white city of about 4,700 people who’s situated 55 miles (88 kilometers) southeast of Birmingham down U.S. 280. White individuals management metropolis corridor and the police division.

Jennings went into the ministry not lengthy after graduating from highschool and hasn’t strayed removed from his birthplace of close by Sylacauga, the place he leads Imaginative and prescient of Plentiful Life Ministries, a small, nondenominational church, when not doing landscaping work or promoting gadgets on-line. In 1991, he stated, he labored safety after which skilled to be a police officer in a close-by city however left earlier than taking the job full time.

“That’s how I knew the regulation,” he stated.


As Jennings and Smith argued over whether or not the pastor wanted to indicate an ID, one other officer walked into view.

His voice rising, Jennings requested who known as the police.

“You see a Black man out right here watering his neighbor’s flowers and also you suppose it’s one thing unlawful,” Jennings stated loudly.

“I’m not saying nothing about …,” Smith responded.

“You haven’t any proper to strategy me if I ain’t did nothing suspicious or nothing incorrect,” Jennings stated, gesturing together with his proper hand and persevering with to carry the backyard hose together with his left. With the officers additionally speaking, he added: “You need to lock me up? Lock me up. I’m not exhibiting y’all something. I’m going to proceed watering these flowers.”

About 35 seconds later, after warning that Jennings might be charged with obstruction for strolling away, officer No. 2, recognized in a police report as J. Gable, put the preacher in handcuffs.

“I like this,” Jennings advised them. He added: “It’s already a lawsuit.”


Alabama regulation permits police to ask for the title of somebody in a public place when there’s affordable suspicion the particular person has dedicated or is about to commit a criminal offense. However that doesn’t imply a person innocently watering flowers at a neighbor’s dwelling should present identification when requested by an officer, based on Hank Sherrod, a civil rights lawyer who reviewed the total police video on the request of the AP.

“That is an space of the regulation that’s fairly clear,” stated Sherrod, who has dealt with comparable circumstances in north Alabama, the place he practices.

Giving police the identical title he routinely makes use of because the minister of a Black church, the place ecclesiastical titles are necessary, Jennings recognized himself, with none prompting, as “Pastor Jennings” inside seconds of Smith’s strategy. That may have been sufficient for somebody steeped within the tradition of Black Christianity, nevertheless it wasn’t for white cops.

The video exhibits the officers repeatedly accusing Jennings of failing to establish himself.


Cuffed and seated between two shrubs on the entrance stoop of his neighbor’s dwelling, Jennings advised Smith and Gable that his son, a college athletics administrator, had been wrongly detained just lately in Michigan after a younger lady at a cheerleading competitors stated a Black man had hugged her.

“My son simply bought arrested and profiled,” he stated. The incident, which didn’t lead to any expenses, occurred about two months earlier than Jennings’ confrontation with Alabama police, he advised the AP.

A 3rd Childersburg officer, recognized as Sgt. Jeremy Brooks in a report, arrived whereas Smith was complaining loudly that Jennings wouldn’t hear and Gable was all however screaming on the pastor.

“It’s a must to establish your self to me,” Gable yelled.

“No, I don’t,” Jennings retorted repeatedly.

Smith returned to his patrol automobile whereas the argument continued. What Jennings stated then is inaudible on the video, however a police report quotes him as telling Brooks: “Cease speaking to me like I’m a boy.” However Jennings advised the AP that he stated one thing very completely different: “I advised him, ‘I’m a full-grown man. You don’t discuss to me like that, boy.’”

No matter was stated, it was sufficient for Smith.

“You already know what? 10-15,” he shouted, utilizing the police radio code for a prisoner in custody. “I ain’t going to sit down there and have that, dude.”


Aside from the latest expertise of his son, Jennings stated he felt “anger and worry” throughout your entire episode due to the amassed weight of previous police killings — George Floyd, Breonna Taylor and others — plus lower-profile incidents and shootings in Alabama.

“That’s why I didn’t resist,” he stated.

And, Jennings stated, he already had expertise coping with suspicious white cops within the racially built-in neighborhood the place he and his household have lived for seven years.

Not lengthy after transferring in, he stated, an officer cruised down the road whereas Jennings was out by the road checking the mail. The officer pulled over to query Jennings, explaining that he was responding to a caller’s declare {that a} Black man was going via mailboxes within the space, based on the preacher.

“I advised him it was my home,” Jennings stated. “He simply went on.”


Jennings was already behind a patrol automobile by the point Roberson, the white lady who known as police, emerged. Jennings, she advised officers, was a neighbor and a pal of the house’s proprietor, Roy Milam.

“OK. Does he have permission right here to be watering flowers?” Smith requested.

“He could, as a result of they’re pals,” she replied. “They went out of city at the moment. He could also be watering their flowers. It might be fully regular.”

Milam advised the AP that was precisely what occurred: He’d requested Jennings to water his spouse’s flowers whereas they have been tenting within the Tennessee mountains for a couple of days.

Watering flowers wasn’t the issue, Smith advised Roberson. The difficulty, he stated, was Jennings’ refusal to supply identification after performing “suspicious.”

Realizing that she’d known as police as a result of one neighbor was watering one other’s flowers, Roberson stated: “That is in all probability my fault.”

A couple of moments later, officers advised Roberson {that a} license plate test confirmed the gold sport-utility automobile that prompted her name within the first place belonged to Milam. They bought Jennings out of the patrol automobile and he advised them his first and final title.

“I didn’t understand it was him,” Roberson advised police. “I’m sorry about that.”


The officers spent a lot of their remaining time on the scene in a dialogue that started with a query from Smith: “What are we going to do with him?”

After weighing completely different choices, they settled on a cost of obstructing governmental operations that was thrown out inside days in metropolis court docket. The police chief who sought the dismissal after reviewing the 911 name and bodycam video, Richard McClelland, resigned earlier this month. Officers haven’t stated why he stop, however metropolis lawyer Reagan Rumsey stated it had nothing to do with what occurred to Jennings.

Childersburg’s interim police chief, Capt. Kevin Koss, didn’t return emails in search of remark.

However the three officers, standing alongside the road as Jennings sat handcuffed in a police automobile, talked amongst themselves about what occurred.

“I stated, ‘Should you’ll simply hearken to me. You’re being audio and video recorded, and what we’re making an attempt to do is establish your self and discover out what’s happening,’” Brooks, Smith’s supervisor, stated on the video. “He wouldn’t even let me. He wished to yell over me and say we’re racial profiling and speaking to him like he’s a boy.”

Moments later, Smith walked round the home to the spot the place Jennings had been watering flowers and shut off the spigot to the hose.

“I imply, all he needed to do was establish himself,” he advised Brooks.

“That’s it,” Brooks stated.

“Jesus,” Smith muttered.


Michael Jennings remains to be pals with Milam, the neighbor with the flowers. Milam, who’s white, stated he feels unhealthy about what occurred, and the 2 males will proceed watching out for one another’s properties, simply as they’ve performed for years.

“He is an efficient neighbor, positively. Little doubt about it,” Milam stated.

Jennings additionally spoke just lately with Roberson for the primary time because the arrest. Within the video, the handcuffed pastor assured her he would nonetheless be shopping for a commencement current for her son although he wasn’t going to have the ability to make the occasion she invited him to.

Jennings, who lives lower than a 3rd of a mile from the police station, stated he hasn’t seen any of the three officers who have been concerned in his arrest since that day. He believes all three ought to be fired or a minimum of disciplined.

“I really feel somewhat paranoid,” he stated.

Nonetheless, he nonetheless waves at police vehicles passing via his neighborhood, partly out of the Christian name to be type to others.

“You’re supposed to like your neighbor, it doesn’t matter what,” he stated. “However you’ve heard the saying, ‘Preserve your enemies near you, too.’”


Reeves is a member of AP’s Race and Ethnicity Staff.

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